Corona Virus Protein Spikes, helps Virus To Enter Human Body

Corona Virus Protein Spikes helps To Enter Human Body. A single cell of this virus is just 120 nano meters in diameter. Spikes gives corona family its name. This is SARS CoV-2 (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus 2) popularly known as Corona Virus. There is no vaccine for corona virus, yet.
Read: Corona Virus Vaccine – Here Is Why It’s Taking So Long

SARS-CoV2
The Virus That Causes Novel Corona Virus – Covid-19

A single cell of this virus is just 120 nano meters in diameter

SARS-CoV2

Below picture is the picture of magnified virus about 12 million times, the tiny virus that toppled the entire world upside down and forced every country to lock down

corona virus
here it is magnified 12 million times

Each part of the cell is made up of several parts and on the outside it is covered in nodules (a small swelling or aggregation of cells in the body) made up of distinctive protein spikes.

corona RNA
protein spikes
outside surface of virus is covered with nodules depicted in yellow

It’s these spikes gives corona family its name.

Coronavirus Genetics
Coronaviruses, so named because they look like halos (known as coronas) when viewed under the electron microscope, are a large family of RNA viruses. The typical generic coronavirus genome is a single strand of RNA, 32 kilobases long, and is the largest known RNA virus genome

glycoprotein
Diagram of coronavirus virion structure showing spikes that form a “crown” like the solar corona, hence the name. Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:3D_medical_animation_corona_virus.jpg

How Does It Work?
The corona virus protrude from glycoprotein membrane and envelops the lipid molecules to coat the virus cells body. These fatty layers skin is very delicate and falls apart when it meets soap.

glycoprotein membrane
Glycoprotein membrane is very delicate and falls apart when it meets soap

And that is why for now every entity ask you to wash your hands with soap as it is the first best weapon against the virus and that is why you should take your time in washing your hands often. After 20 seconds the soap penetrates the grease and grime on our hands enough to rip the membranes apart killing the virus

proteinspikes
these fatty layer is so delicate that it falls apart when comes in contact with soap

But, under that weird skin the real trouble lies. Inside its cell is a small sample of RNA (Ribonucleic Acid). It carries the viruses genetic code and allows it to multiply causing infection. But, how does the viral RNA get into our bodies?.

RNA structure

It comes back to those protein spikes. After the viruses enter into the human body, it uses those spikes to attach itself to a healthy cell in the respiratory system. Once that is done the viral RNA is released and the take over beings.

red blood cells
Virus attaching itself to a healthy cell using protein spikes in respiratory system after it enters into a human body

The cell raids the viral RNA and makes protein to keep our immune system suppressed. That will help the virus to reproduce and multiply killing healthy cells and potentially causing life long damage or death.

raids RNA
The cell raids the viral RNA and makes protein to keep our immune system suppressed.

How Do We Beat This Disease?

Again, its all to do with those protein spikes. That might be its strength but scientists think that it might also be its weakness. They now know that genetic codes can be recreated. The trial that began in Seattle is injecting people with that protein because it doesn’t contain the viral RNA, they believe its harmless, but can teach the body how to make antibodies against the protein spikes.

An antibody is also known as an immunoglobulin. It is a large, Y-shaped protein produced mainly by plasma cells that is used by the immune system to neutralize pathogens such as pathogenic bacteria and viruses

antibody
antibodies would cover the spikes incapacitating the virus and prevent it from piercing healthy cells

Those antibodies would cover the spikes incapacitating the virus and prevent it from piercing healthy cells. That’s the hope. Its just one of about 30 trials on the way around the world right now. Most researchers agree is that vaccine is still 12 to 18 months away.

For now the best way to avoid getting infected is to:

WASH YOUR HANDS
AVOID TOUCHING YOUR FACE
PRACTICE PHYSICAL DISTANCING

cleaning
vaccine is still 12 to 18 months away – SO THESE ARE THE BEST WAY TO AVOID VIRUS

Cast Your Opinion, Comment Below