Geographically Andhra Pradesh stood fifth largest state in India as united Andhra Pradesh and had the biggest coast line extending over 1000 kms. This is the only state which is bestowed with two mighty rivers. Those are
1) River Krishna
2) Godavari

AP and Telangana has a wide and varied vegetation types enriched by a variety of flora and fauna. Being located strategically in the central region of the Indian sub-continent they have some of the representatives of the magnificent Indian plants and animals. Its varied topography from the hilly ranges of the Eastern Ghats and the Nallamallas, to the shores of Bay of Bengal supports varied ecotypes which in turn support a variety of floral and fauna forms. The state can broadly be divided into four major biotic provinces.

DECCAN PLATEAU : 53%
CENTRAL PLATEAU : 35%
EASTERN PLATEAU : 11%
EAST COASTAL PLATEAU : 1%

wild life sanctuaries of telangana
click to enlarge

The type of vegetation found in the state is largely of dry deciouous type with a mixture of Teak, Terminalias, pterocarpus, Anogeissus etc., The hills especially the Eastern Ghats, add greatly to the biological diversity, and provide centers of endemism for plants, birds and lesser forms of animal life. The varied habitat harbours a variety of fauna which includes
1) Tiger,
2) Panther,
3) Wolf,
4) Wild dog,
5) Hyena,
6) Sloth beat,
7) Gaur,
8) Black buck,
9) Chinkara,
10) Chowsingha,
11) Nilgai,
12) Cheetal,
13) Sambar
and a number of birds and reptiles.

The long sea coast provides the nesting ground for sea turtles’ the back waters of pulicat lake are the feeding grounds for Flamingo and Grey Pelican; the estuaries of river Godavari and Krishna support mangrove vegetation. The state has some rare and endemic plants like Cycas beddomei, Pterocarpus santalinus, Terminalia pallida, Syzygium alternifolium, Shorea talura, Shorea tumbuggaia, Psilotum nudam etc., Similarly the Double banded or the jerdon’s Courser and the Golden gecko are very rare and endemic to the state.

Andhra Pradesh And Telangana together has a network of 20 Sanctuaries and 4 National Parks covering an area of 11,982 sq.kms. or 4.4% of the geographical area of the state.

SOME OF THE IMPORTANT WILD LIFE SANCTUARIES AND NATIONAL PARKS ARE AS FOLLOWS with complete details

1) KAWAL SANCTUARY

LOCATION AND AREA : Adilabad district; 893 sq. Kms
FLORA AND FAUNA : Dry deciduous Teak forests with Bamboo
terminelia, pterocarpus etc. Animals found are Tiger, panther, Gaur, Cheetal, Sambar, Nilgai, Barking deer, Chowsingha, Mouse deer, Sloth bear and a variety of birds

ACCESSIBILITY : 50 Kms, from Mancherial railway station (South central Railway) 260 kms, from Hyderabad road, nearest airport – Hyderabad

ACCOMODATION : Forest rest ouse at jannaram.

SEASON : November to May.

For details please contact, Divisional Forest Officer (WLM) jannaram

2) PRANAHITHA SANCTUARY

LOCATION AND AREA : Dry deciduous Teak forests along river pranahita, a tributary of river Godavari. The terrain is undulating and supports Tiger, Panther, Sloth bear, Cheetal, Black buck, Nilgai and a variety of birds including Brahminy duck, Teals, Storks and Herons.

ACCESSIBILITY : 70 Kms, from Mancherial railway station (south central railway) 300 Kms, from Hyderabad by road. Nearest airport – Hyderabad

ACCOMODATION : Forest rest house at Mancherial and Chinnur.

SEASON : November to April

For details please contact , Divisional Forest Officer Mancherial.

3)SIVARAM SANCTUARY

LOCATION AREA : Adilabad & karimnagar districts,37sq . Kms
FLORA AND FAUNA : Riverine forest mixed with Teak, Terminalia etc. Noted for the presence of Marsh crocodiles in river Godavari with the forest harbouring Tiger, Panther, Langur, Rhesus monkey, Sloth bear, Wild boar, Cheetal, Sambar, Nilgai and Python.

ACCESSIBILITY : 50 Kms, from Mancherial railway station , 10 Kms, from Manthani in karimnagar district.

ACCOMODATION : Forest rest house at Mancherial and Eklaspur

SEASON : December to April

For details please contact, Divisional Forest Officeer, (WLM) Jannaram

4) ETURNAGARAM SANTUARY

LOCATION AND AREA : Warangal district, 806 , sq.Kms

FLORA AND FAUNA : Dry deciduous Teak forest with Bamboo, Pterocarpus, anogeissus, Buchanania etc. Rolling country with low hills with Tiger, Panther, Gaur, Sambar, Cheetal, Nilgai, Black buck, Chowsingha, Barking deer, Wild boar, Wolf, Jackal, Fox, Jungle cat and a variety of birds.

ACCESSIBILITY : 90 Kms, from Warangal/Kazipet railway station (south central railway) 250 Kms, from Hyderabad by road. Nearest airport Hyderabad.

ACCOMODATION : Forest cottages and a Rest house at Tadvai, ITDA Guest house at Eturnagaram.

SEASON : October to May.

For details please contact, Divisional Fores Officer (WLM) Subadari, Warangal

5) PAKHAL SANCTUARY

LOCATION & AREA : Warangal district; 879 kms.

FLORA AND FAUNA : Dry deciduous Teak forest with Bamboo, madhuca, Terminalia, pterocarpus etc. Animals found are Tiger, Panther, Gaur, sambar, Nilgai, Cheetal, Wildboar, Sloth bear, wild dog, Hyena, Jackal, Fox and migratory birds, like Ducks, Teals, Ibises, Storks and Cormorants.

ACCESSIBILITY : 60 Kms, from warangal/Kazipet railway station. 230, Kms from Hyderabad by road. Nearest airport is Hyderabad

ACCOMODATION : Forest & Tourist rest house at Pakhal.

SEASON : November to June.

For details please contact, Divisional Forest Officer (WLM) subedari, Warangal

6) KINNERA SANI SANCTUARY

LOCATION AND AREA : Khammam district; 656 Sq.Kms

FLORA AND FAUNA : Dry deciduous Teak forests with Bamboo, Terminalias, Anogeissus etc., The Kinnerasani Lake is very picturesque. Animals found are Tiger, Panther, Gaur, Cheetal, Black buck, Chinkara, Chowsingha, Sambar, Wild boar, Wild dog, Hyena, Jackal, Sloth bear and a variety of ground nesting and aquatic birds. The Kinnerasani lake and water pools harbour Marsh crocodile.

ACCESSIBILITY : 25 Kms, from Bhadrachalam

ACCOMMODATION : Forest rest houses at paloncha & Kothagudem

SEASON : October to June

For details please contact, Divisional Forest Officer (WLM) paloncha

7) PAPIKONDA SANCTUARY

LOCATION AND AREA : East Godavari, West Godavari & Khammam districts; 591 sq. kms.

FLORA AND FAUNA : Dry deciduous Teak forests with Bamboo, Terminalia, pterocarpus, etc. and other species conforming to the Eastern ghat vegetation. Animals found are Tiger, Panther, Gaur, Cheetal, Chowsingha, Sambar, Black buck, Mouse deer, Barking deer, Sloth bear, Wild dog, Hyena, Jackal, Wild boar, Marsh crocodile and a variety of birds both resident and migratory.

ACCESSIBILITY : 50 Kms from Rajahmundry railway station, Nearest airport-Rajahmundry

ACCOMMODATION : Forest rest houses at Rajahmundry, Maredumili and Kannapuram.

SEASON: October to May

For details please contact, Dy. Conservator of Forest(WLM) Rajahmundry.

8) CORINGA SANCTUARY

LOCATION AND AREA : East Godavari district; 236 sq. kms

FLORA AND FAUNA : The sanctuary is part of the estuary of river. Godavari and supports a rich growth of mangrove vegetation with plants like Rhizophora, Avicennia, Sonneratia, Aegiceros etc. Animals found are Fishing cat, otter, jackal, sea turtle and Estuarine crocodile which are found in the creeks. Among the birds, most common are Sea gulls, Storks, Herons, Snipes, Ducks and Flamingos

ACCESSIBILITY : 20 Kms, from Kakinada railway station and 70 Kms from Rajahmundry railway station. Nearest airport- Rajahmundry

ACCOMMODATION : Forest rest house at Coringa and Rajahmundry.

SEASON : October to May

For details please contact, Dy. Conservator of Forests (WLM) Rajahmundry

9) KOLLERU SANCTUARY

LOCATION AND AREA : West Godavari district; 673 sq. kms

FLORA AND FAUNA : It is a wetland, marsh habitat supporting a large variety of water birds, Garganys. Teaks, Pochards, Spot bills, Brahminy ducks, open bill storks, Herons, occasionally Flamingos, & Grey pelicans.

ACCESSIBILITY : 60 Kms by road from Vijayawada railway station.

ACCOMMODATION : Forest rest houses at Vijayawada and Eluru.

SEASON : October to May

For details please contact, Divisional Forest Officer (WLM) Eluru.

10) KRISHNA SANCTUARY

LOCATION AND AREA : Krishna and Guntur districts; 195 sq. kms

FLORA AND FAUNA : Mangrove Forests on the estuary of river Krishna, harbouring Fishing cat, Otter, Jackal, Estuarine crocodile and a variety of seasonal birds.

ACCESSIBILITY : Forest rest houses at Vijayawada.

For details please contact, Divisional Forest Officer (WLM) Eluru.

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